Structuring written work. Grammar, vocabulary and spelling

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Structuring written work. Grammar, vocabulary and spelling

Some assignments have a standard format, such as for instance lab reports or case studies, and these will normally be explained in your course materials. For any other assignments, you shall need certainly to come up with your own personal structure.

Your structure may be guided by:

  • the assignment question. For example, it might list topics or use wording such as ‘compare and contrast’.
  • The matter that is subject, which might suggest a structure predicated on chronology, process or location, for example
  • your interpretation of the subject matter. For example, problem/solution, argument/counter-argument or sub-topics to be able worth addressing
  • the structure of other texts you’ve read in your discipline. Glance at the way the information is organised and sequenced. Make sure you modify the structure to fit your purpose to prevent plagiarism.

Essays are a really common form of academic writing. Like the majority of associated with the texts you write at university, all essays have the same basic three-part structure: introduction, main body and conclusion. However, the main body can be structured in many different ways.

To publish a essay that is good

Reports generally have a similar structure that is basic essays, with an introduction, body and conclusion. However, the main body structure can vary widely, due to the fact term ‘report’ can be used for most kinds of texts and purposes in various disciplines.

Find out as much as possible about what types of report is anticipated.

Just how to plan your structure

There are lots of techniques to show up with a structure for your work. If you’re not sure how to approach it, try some of the strategies below.

After and during reading your sources, take notes and start thinking about techniques to structure write my paper the basic ideas and facts into groups. For example:

  • search for similarities, differences, patterns, themes or other methods of grouping and dividing the ideas under headings, such as for instance advantages, disadvantages, causes, effects, problems, solutions or kinds of theory
  • Use highlighters that are coloured symbols to tag themes or categories of information in your readings or notes
  • Paste and cut notes in a document
  • physically group your readings or notes into piles.

It’s a idea that is good brainstorm a few various ways of structuring your assignment once you have a rough concept of the key issues. Do this in outline form before you begin writing – it’s much easier to re-structure an outline than a half-finished essay. For example:

  • draw some tree diagrams, mind-maps or flowcharts showing which ideas, facts and references will be included under each heading
  • discard ideas that don’t squeeze into your purpose that is overall facts or references that are not useful for what you need to go over
  • when you have lots of information, such as for a thesis or dissertation, create some tables to show how each theory or reading relates to each heading (this is often called a ‘synthesis grid’)
  • Plan the true quantity of paragraphs you may need, the topic heading for every one, and dot points for every single little bit of information and reference needed
  • try a few different possible structures until you see one that is most effective.

Eventually, you’ll have an idea this is certainly detailed enough for you really to start writing. You’ll know which ideas go into each section and, ideally, each paragraph. You will know where to find evidence for all those basic ideas in your notes and also the resources of that evidence.

If you’re having problems with the process of planning the structure of one’s assignment, consider trying a different strategy for grouping and organising your details.

Making the structure clear

Your writing may be clear and logical to read through it fits together if it’s easy to see the structure and how. You can easily achieve this in many ways.

  • Utilize the end associated with the introduction to show your reader what structure to expect.
  • Use headings and sub-headings to mark the sections clearly (if they are acceptable for your discipline and assignment type).
  • Use topic sentences at the start of each paragraph, to exhibit the reader what the idea that is main, and to link returning to the introduction and/or headings and sub-headings.
  • Show the connections between sentences. The beginning of each sentence should link back to the main notion of the paragraph or a sentence that is previous.
  • Use conjunctions and words that are linking show the dwelling of relationships between ideas. Samples of conjunctions include: however, similarly, on the other hand, with this reason, as a result and moreover.


Almost all of the forms of texts you write for university have to have an introduction. Its purpose is to clearly tell your reader the topic, purpose and structure for the paper.

As a rough guide, an introduction may be between 10 and 20 percent regarding the duration of your whole paper and it has three main parts.

  • It starts with the essential general information, such as background and/or definitions.
  • The center may be the core of the introduction, where you show the topic that is overall purpose, your point of view, hypotheses and/or research questions (according to what type of paper it is).
  • It ends most abundant in information that is specific describing the scope and structure of your paper.

If the main body of one’s paper follows a predictable template, like the method, results and discussion stages of a written report in the sciences, you generally don’t need to include helpful tips towards the structure in your introduction.

You should write your introduction once you know both your general point of view (if it is a persuasive paper) plus the whole structure of your paper. Alternatively, you need to revise the introduction when you yourself have completed the main body.


Most writing that is academic structured into paragraphs. It really is helpful to think about each paragraph as a mini essay with a structure that is three-part

  • topic sentence (also referred to as introductory sentence)
  • body associated with paragraph
  • concluding sentence.

The topic sentence introduces a general summary of this issue while the intent behind the paragraph. Depending on the period of the paragraph, this may be more than one sentence. The sentence that is topic the question ‘What’s the paragraph about?’.

The human body associated with paragraph elaborates entirely on the subject sentence by giving definitions, classifications, explanations, contrasts, examples and evidence, for example.

The final sentence in several, yet not all, paragraphs could be the sentence that is concluding. It will not present information that is new but often either summarises or comments on the paragraph content. It may provide a link, by showing the way the paragraph links into the topic sentence of this paragraph that is next. The concluding sentence often answers the question ‘So what?’, by explaining how this paragraph relates back to the topic that is main.

You don’t have to create all of your paragraphs using this structure. As an example, there are paragraphs with no topic sentence, or perhaps the topic is mentioned near the final end associated with the paragraph. However, this really is an obvious and structure that is common makes it easy for your reader to check out.


The conclusion is closely associated with the introduction and it is often referred to as its ‘mirror image’. This means if the introduction begins with general information and ends with specific information, the conclusion moves within the direction that is opposite.

The conclusion usually:

  • begins by briefly summarising the main scope or structure regarding the paper
  • confirms this issue that was given in the introduction. This may make the form of the aims associated with the paper, a thesis statement (point of view) or a research question/hypothesis and its answer/outcome.
  • ends with a more general statement about how this topic relates to its context. This could take the kind of an assessment for the significance of the subject, implications for future research or a recommendation about theory or practice.

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