Upsc syllabus

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Civil Services Prelims(CSP) -Syllabus

Paper I – (200 marks) Duration: Two hours

1- Current events of national and international importance.

2- History of India and Indian National Movement.

3-Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.

4- Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj,

5- Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

6- Economic and Social Development Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social

Sector initiatives, etc.

7- General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject


8- General Science.

Paper II- (200 marks) Duration: Two hours

1- Comprehension

2- Interpersonal skills including communication skills;

3- Logical reasoning and analytical ability

4- Decision-making and problem-solving

5- General mental ability

6- Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data

7- interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)

8- English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level).

Note 1: Questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills of Class X level (last item in the

Syllabus of Paper II) will be tested through passages from English language only without providing

Hindi translation thereof in the question paper.

Note 2: The questions will be of multiple choices, objective type.

Note 3: This examination is meant to serve as a screening test only. What is expected from an awared

graduate shall be the intention of the Preliminary examination.

Civil Services Mains(CSM)


Essay (250 Marks)

1- To be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice – Candidates will be required to write

an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given.

2- They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion,

and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.


General Studies-I (250 Marks)

(Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

1- Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to

modern times.

2- Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant

events, personalities, issues.

3- The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different

parts of the country.

4- Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

5- History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars,

redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism,

capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

6- Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

7- Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental

issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

8- Effects of globalization on Indian society

9- Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

10- Salient features of world’s physical geography.

11- Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent);

factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of

the world (including India)

12- Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,

geographical features and their

location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and

fauna and the effects of such changes.


General Studies -II (250 Marks)

(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

1- Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions

and basic structure.

2- Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal

structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

3- Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

4- Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

5- Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and

issues arising out of these.

6- Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments

of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

7- Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

8- Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional

bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

9- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their

design and implementation.

10- Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations,

donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

11- Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of

these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these

vulnerable sections.

12- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education,

Human Resources.

13- Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

14- Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models,

successes, limitations, and potential; measures.

15- Role of civil services in a democracy.

16- India and its neighborhood- relations.

17- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

18- Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

19- Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.


General Studies -III (250 Marks)

(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

1- Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

2- Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and


3- Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

4- Government Budgeting.

5- Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation

systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-

technology in the aid of farmers

6- Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution

System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology


7- Economics of animal-rearing.

8- Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and


requirements, supply chain management.

9- Land reforms in India.

10- Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

11- Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

12- Investment models.

13- Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

14- Achievements of Indians in science & technology; Indigenization of technology and developing new


15- Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues

relating to intellectual property rights.

16- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

17- Disaster and disaster management.

18- Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

19- Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

20- Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking

sites in internal security challenges,basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention

21- Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism

22- Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate


General Studies -IV 250 Marks

(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity,

probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in

dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following

broad areas will be covered.

1- Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions

of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

2- Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of

family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

3- Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and

political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

4- Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity,

dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

5- Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

6- Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns

and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of

ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance;

7- Ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

8- Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information

sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s

Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

9- Case Studies on above issues.


Optional Subject – Paper I -250 Marks


Optional Subject – Paper II -250 Marks

Paper –VIII

Language -300 Marks

(Candidate can take any Modern Indian language but this paper is of qualifying nature)

Paper –IX

English – 300 Marks

(This paper is of qualifying nature)

Note 1: Marks obtained by the candidates for all Papers (Paper I-VII) will be counted for merit ranking.

However, the commission will havethe discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all papers of the


Note 2: Since 2014 Essay paper has been divided into two sections which carry 125 marks for each section

and writing 2 essays, 1 from each section is mandatory. Maximum word limit for each section is 1250 words.

Note 3: The main examination is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and depth of understanding

of candidates rather than merely the range of their information and memory.

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